The Montessori school always emphasizes environmental factors because children learn a language and basic skills through exposure to the surrounding environment. So creating a child with a learning environment where enhance freedom but having order and clear structure are still necessary. Besides, the learning environment must always be clean, brings high sociability and towards natural and practical values.
1, Enhance freedom
According to Dr. Maria Montessori, she believes that a child needs to be free to explore and follow their own natural encouragement to develop potential and increase understanding of the world.
In the prepared environment, children are free to move, explore, socialize and choose.
2, Order, clear structure
Although children have freedom in the classroom, this freedom should be within the expected range and certain limits. Using the Montessori classroom environment is a microcosm of the universe, children begin to understand the order of the surrounding environment, understand more about the world that they are living.
Dr. Montessori affirmed that there is a sensitive period between the ages of one to three. This is the time when children understand the world, draw conclusions about the world around them. Without this order, children will feel vague and confused about the living environment.
In the classroom environment, every change needs to be carefully considered. Classroom events must be informed in advance to the child. Therefore children will feel safe and respected.
3, Great environment
The learning environment should be cleanly arranged and attractive. Although the classroom is in an old house or in a modern building, it is still necessary to ensure a harmonious, simple and tidy classroom. Classroom space should reflect peace and invite children to participate in learning activities.
The learning atmosphere is easily discovered by observing the attitudes of both adults and children in the classroom.
In addition, the class also gives children a feeling of comfort with the medium-sized items and encounters close-to-home activities. All these factors will get children excited to learn.
4, Towards natural and practical values
Dr. Montessori thinks we should use nature to inspire learning for children. Instead of using only synthetic plastic materials, it is necessary to try to bring into the environment different types of natural materials such as wood, rattan, bamboo, cotton, fabric, glass… Children will have knowledge about the material in the world.
Instead of just sitting and listening as a traditional way of learning, children will have real experiences with their teachers, doing jobs after being instructed by teachers. Classes will not be decorated with cartoon images or images that do not make sense because they can cause distraction from learning process. Trees, flowerpot, some cultural objects will be decorated to increase the aesthetics of the class.
5, Towards a high sociability environment
Children have freedom of interaction so that children are encouraged to develop empathy. With a mixed-age classes, children will have the opportunity to interact with friends have different abilities and personalities. In the classroom, the older will help the younger children, the younger children will also naturally learn from older and have the belief that one day they will also do things like older children.